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- Head Injuries. These types of injuries are often horrific because of their ability to cause permanent damage to your eyes and ears, resulting in sight or hearing loss. Facial or jaw fractures and tooth loss are also common.
- Facial Injuries. Your face is how people will identify you throughout your life. Any injury to your face can result in horrific and permanent scarring and disfigurement. Scrapes, cuts, burn, and fractures of the face are commonly caused by airbags, the dashboard, or steering wheel. These injuries are often difficult to repair and require multiple cosmetic surgeries and skin grafts. Even when surgeons are able to repair these injuries—you will likely never look the same.
- Brain Injuries. This is perhaps one of the most horrific injuries because of the permanent damage that can occur. The brain can be easily damaged by blunt force or penetration with a sharp object. Both can cause traumatic brain injury, which can lead to vision and speech impairment or memory and emotional dysfunction.
- Back Injuries. Sprain, strains, and herniated discs are all common lower back injuries associated with car accidents. They can cause significant pain and limit your mobility. While they may not seem horrific, back injuries often result in chronic pain and disability throughout life and result in decreased quality of life for accident victims.
- Neck Injuries. Whiplash is the most common car accident neck injury. It is caused by a quick hyperextension and retraction of the neck at impact. Cervical dislocation and disc injury are also common, and can be quite painful and debilitating. Neck injuries are often tricky to heal and many require spinal surgery to correct.
- Spinal Cord Injuries. Misplaced bone fragments, disc material and ligaments can tear into spinal cord material and damage axons which transmit signals between the brain and the body, leading to loss of feeling or function. Permanent paralysis is devastating to accident victims and will completely change their lives. If the paralysis is complete and the result of a cervical fracture, the accident victim may be on a ventilator for the rest of their lives.
- Internal Organ Injury. Life-threatening injuries are commonly caused when fractured ribs punctured lungs or other organs. Organ damage can quickly turn deadly and internal bleeding may be difficult to diagnose until it is too late.
- Connective Tissue Injuries. The type of injury most frequently seen in a car accident, severity can range dramatically. These injuries are typically signaled by soreness or stiffness, and require medical attention even though they might seem minor. When they are treated, many of these injuries require surgery, extensive physical therapy, and may even result in permanent loss of range of motion.
- Leg and Knee Injuries. Occurring often because of impact, these injuries can be uncomfortable and debilitating, and may require physical therapy and surgery. For many, leg and knee injuries will result in a loss of activity and may result in significant disabilities later in life.
- Chest and Upper Limb Injuries. Because of airbags, drivers are especially susceptible to these types of injuries. Broken arms, wrists, fingers, and bruised or fractured ribs are common. This can prevent accident victims from working in their chosen profession, typing on keyboards, or even performing their basic daily care, such as dressing, brushing teeth, and showering.